Fitting Specifications & Usage

Are you unfamiliar with Kee Klamp fittings? Review this section to learn more about how to use our fittings and get answers to common questions.

Ground Fixing Choices

There a several different ways of attaching your handrail post to your walkway or stairway. Review the information below to explore the different methods for attaching your railing.


Our unique design does not require any drilling on site or in the shop. A slot on the back of the toe board accepts a bolt head which prevents the bolt from spinning during assembly. Upright hardware and splice kits for corners and straight sections are also available. Toe board comes in 24' lengths or can be custom cut.

Pipe Choices

When building handrails you want to be sure to use Schedule 40 pipe. This size pipe will ensure that your railing is able to resist the proper forces. Expand this section to learn more about pipe.

Upright Jigs

Save time on the job site by ordering prebuilt uprights. Prebuilt uprights come with all the upright fittings properly placed. If you want to space your uprights yourself use the guides in this section.

OSHA & ADA Standards

A Kee Safety Handrail System can designed to meet and exceed the requirements of standards like OSHA and ADA. Explore the requirements of these national standards using the navigation below.

OSHA Handrail Standards

Here are some basic pieces of information to bear in mind when constructing a handrail to comply with OSHA Standards.

  • The top rail of the handrail must be a minimum of 42" [ref. 1910.23(e)(1)]
  • The intermediate (middle) rail should be located in the middle of the upright creating equal space between the floor and the top rail. [ref. 1910.23(e)(1)]
  • The pipe used in the construction of the railing should be at least 1 1/2" nom. bore schedule 40 pipe. [ref. 1910.23(e)(ii)]
  • The railing should be able to withstand up to 200 lbs. of force applied in any direction to the top rail. [ref. 1910.23(e)(3)(iv)]. This is accomplished by properly using andy of the standard handrail fixings mentioned in this guide.
  • When is toe board required? Four (4) inch toe board is required when beneath the open sides (1) a person can pass, (2) there is moving machinery, or (3) there is equipment with which falling materials could create a hazard. [ref. 1910.23(e)(4)]

In-Fill Panels

Panels come in a variety of materials, sizes, and finishes. The standard 4" x 4" welded wired mesh is available in sizes up to 4' wide by 8' long. Smaller openings are available (2" x 2" or 1" x 1"). Material can be provided with a galvanized or powder coat finish, or in bare stainless steel. Virtually any custom configuration or material option is available.

3 Part Specification

Architects, engineers and specifiers may find this three part specification for Kee Klamp railing to be helpful

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